BREAST CANCER SELF EXAMINATION

Why one should must do a self examination?
There is a chance of 1 out of 10 will have Breast cancer over 1 million women’s every year finds the lumps in their Brest were most of them were benign and the key findings of the early diagnosis can be done by the Brest self examination.
Who should have to the self examination?
It is a good practice that the habit of the Brest self examination in a regular basis can detect the lead to the early detections of the Brest cancer and mostly women’s of all the ages should practice it because the Brest cancer may be occur in the all ages of women,and the examination should be done after the menstruation because the Brest is become naturally tender and lumpy. And the regular examination of her Brest can probable has a clear idea about her Brest.
BASICS STEPS TO FOLLOW for SELF EXAMINATION
1. Visual examination
2. Tactile examination
Visual examination:
In visual examination you look for the any abnormal differences between the two breast consider these steps;
-shape
-size
-symmetry and the difference in the level of nipples
-discoloration of skin
-lumps or bumps
-scaly or sores skin
-ulcerations or dimples
Stand in front of a mirror and look for the any of the visual changes in frontal and with the three different positions like
-Arms raised
-bending forward
-and the 3rd arms bent towards you
With hands on your hip turn towards left and right

TACTILE EXAMINATION:
At this part of the examination you have to feel the breast for the any of the changes and for the formations of lumps and the breast cancer is mostly caused in the lymph nodes so try finds the breast uder the arms
Begin by lying in bed. Place a small pillow or folded towel under your left shoulder and your left hand behind your head. Your shoulder should be raised high enough for your left breast to be center on top of your chest, falling neither to the center nor toward the armpit; this arrangement distributes the breast tissue as evenly as possible across the chest wall. If a breast is not properly flattened against the chest, it is difficult to feel a lump – particularly in the outer upper quadrant, where tissue is thickest (and where most cancers occur). Feel your breasts and surrounding areas, which include:
• the breast
• between the breast and underarm
• the underarm
• the area above the breast up to the collarbone and across to your shoulder
Use the pads (where your fingerprints are) of your three middle fingers on your right hand pressed together flat to check your left breast, and do the opposite for the right breast. You should press on your breast with varying degrees of pressure:
• light (move the skin without moving the tissue underneath)
• medium (midway into the tissue)
• hard (down to the ribs “on the verge of pain”)
When using any of the 3 patterns, you should always be using a circular rubbing motion without lifting your fingers.
Patterns of breast examination Spiral: Begin with a large circle around the perimeter of your breast and make smaller and smaller circles as you work your way toward the nipple.
Wedges: Pretend your breast is divided into sections like triangular pieces of a cake, begin in the nipple area and feel your breast in a small circular motion within one section, then move on to the next wedge starting in the nipple area again.
Vertical or linear: Pretend your breast is divided into vertical stripes. Begin on the underarm area on one side and feel your breast in a small circular motion up and down in a zig zag pattern till the whole breast is covered. Then repeat the process for the right breast with your left hand.
NOTE:
Carefully feel and note the any of the changes in your normal Brest structure so that if you especially do find any of the changes in the upper quadrant of chest so it is to be a mostly a serious case so do consult your doctor soon.

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